Allergy or allergy in children is one of the common diseases that affect a child in different stages of his life. Allergies in children vary between an allergy to a specific food, a local allergy that affects the skin or part of it, or a respiratory allergy that affects the child’s upper respiratory system.
Causes of skin allergy in children:
In his daily life, the child may be exposed to some environmental influences, weather factors, and other factors such as; Eating some types of foods and drinks that can cause a skin allergic reaction to them. It should be noted that skin allergies may be linked to genetic factors; A parent’s allergy increases the chance of a child developing it as well, and there are many influences and factors that cause skin allergies in children like:
- Pollen grains from trees, grasses, and weeds, which are airborne.
- Foods and drinks; There are some types of foods and drinks that a child may be allergic to, and the most common are: eggs, peanuts, milk, nuts, soybeans, fish, and wheat.
- The poison from insect bites.
- Contact with animal dander: such as; Contact with the dander of cats, dogs, horses, and rabbits.
- medicines; The child can be allergic to certain types of medicines, such as: aspirin or penicillin.
Types of skin allergies in children:
There are many types of allergies that may affect children, and each type of them may be associated with different causes, symptoms, and treatment methods, and the following is a description of some of these types:
- Atopic Dermatitis: (Eczema), a condition known as eczema, and about one in ten children has eczema, and eczema is known as an inflammatory skin condition characterized by a red rash that causes itching, and it usually occurs in children between the ages of 1-5 Years, and eczema can result from food allergies or environmental pollutants, and in some cases it can affect the child without any clear cause.
- Allergic contact dermatitis, a rash that appears immediately after touching an allergen; That is, the child is allergic to a substance, as soon as he touches it, his body will react to it, causing several symptoms, such as: the appearance of rashes and peeling of the skin.
- Urticarial or hives: are severe allergic reactions that can appear anywhere in the body, and appear in the form of red bumps shortly after exposure to allergens, and the rash associated with urticarial is characterized by its non-dry or scaly nature, and can be It may be accompanied by other symptoms in some cases, such as: difficulty breathing, swelling of the mouth and face.
Symptoms of skin allergy:
There are symptoms and signs of skin allergy in children, and the symptoms usually range from mild to severe, and as soon as you notice that the child has an allergic reaction that is more than moderate or any worrisome symptoms, you must contact the specialist. In general, the most prominent symptoms that may indicate skin sensitivity can be mentioned as follows:
- Mild or moderate symptoms:
- Redness of the skin
- Slight swelling.
- A stuffy and runny nose.
- Itchy or watery eyes
- The appearance of bumps anywhere on the skin
- Severe symptoms:
- Swelling in the mouth or tongue
- Having difficulty swallowing
- Breathing difficulties
- Suffering from abdominal pain
- Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
- Dizziness and fainting
Skin allergy tips and advice:
There are some tips and guidelines that may reduce exposure to skin allergies, or reduce the annoying symptoms that accompany allergic reactions in children, and among these tips are the following:
- Choose care products specifically designed for skin that is easily irritated: these products should contain as few ingredients as possible, without any fragrances, fragrances, or colourings
- Make sure to use lukewarm water when showering: It is recommended to use lukewarm water, and the duration of bathing should not exceed 3-5 minutes, as increasing the duration of showering causes dryness of the skin
- Make sure to use a daily moisturizer after each bath: It is recommended to gently dry the skin of the water, and put a soothing moisturizer after bathing, and it should be noted that oily moisturizers are the best option for moisturizing.
- Choose cotton clothes: Parents are advised to choose cotton clothes for their children, especially those who suffer from sensitive skin, as other rough fabrics can cause skin irritation and itching.
- Treatment of any skin infection: If the parents notice any of the symptoms of a skin infection on the child, such as suppuration, severe redness of the skin, and peeling, the doctor must be consulted immediately to obtain an appropriate treatment
- Dry the baby’s saliva and cut its nails.